El interés científico, fitopatológico, técnico y mediático suscitado en España por la bacteria Xylella fastidiosa no es comparable al despertado por ningún otro tema relacionado con la sanidad vegetal en las últimas décadas. A pesar de la cantidad de información disponible sobre este patógeno, no toda tiene el rigor necesario y por ello este libro pretende ofrecer información fiable, proporcionada por los expertos españoles en el tema y por investigadores de otros países con amplia experiencia en esta bacteria. El libro incluye 15 capítulos que pretenden ofrecer una revisión actualizada, pero también realista, práctica y crítica del estado actual de los conocimientos sobre esta bacteria y las enfermedades (bacteriosis) de las que es responsable. Consta de nueve capítulos generales y de seis más específicos sobre la situación y la problemática de las enfermedades producidas por X. fastidiosa en América y en Europa, incluyendo España. La lectura de los distintos capítulos nos lleva a profundizar en el complejo sistema que constituyen X. fastidiosa, sus plantas huéspedes, sus vectores y las condiciones medioambientales del entorno.
Plant pathogens and diseases are among the most significant challenges to survival that plants face. Disease outbreaks caused by microbial or viral pathogens can decimate crop yields and have severe effects on global food supply. Understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying plant immune response and applying this understanding to develop biotechnological tools to enhance plant defense against pathogens has great potential for moderating the impact of plant disease outbreaks. Plant Pathogen Resistance Biotechnology’s main focus is an in depth survey of the biological strategies being used to create transgenic disease resistant plants for sustainable plant resistance. Plant Pathogen Resistance Biotechnology is divided into four sections. The first section covers biological mechanisms underpinning disease resistance in plants, while the second highlights case studies of important pathogen-crop groups and then considers why the application of important pathogen-crop groups, transgenic-based strategies designed to selectively target pathogens could benefit crop production. The third section provides information on the status of transgenic crops around the world, and finally the last part explores high-tech alternatives to genetic engineering for developing disease resistant traits in plants. Edited and authored by leaders in the field, Plant Pathogen Resistance Biotechnology will be an invaluable resource to those studying or researching plant biotechnology, plant pathology, plant biology, plant and crop genetics, in addition to crop science.
Rice is among the most significant food crops on the planet, covering an area of more than 154 million hectares, according to the International Rice Research Institute. And while consumption of rice increases each year, the spread and increased incidence of various rice diseases, disorders, and pests pose greater risks to production. Better, more up-to-date management practices are needed to keep feeding the world. The Compendium of Rice Diseases and Pests, Second Edition, was developed to help agricultural professionals and academics get the latest information on the management of diseases, insect pests, and abiotic disorders of this important crop. Published more than 25 years after the first edition, this new full-color update presents the major shifts in rice cultivation, including the more extensive use of hybrid rice, herbicide resistance, new biotechnologies and fungicides, the continued shrinkage of genetic diversity, and more intense cultural management systems. To help foster worldwide communication and information exchange on rice and its many production challenges, a group of top rice experts from various areas of the world were tapped as editors, along with a team of contributing authors specializing in key areas of rice health. Together they updated much of the information in the first edition, as well as added important newly discovered diseases and pests, ultimately providing better and fresher insights into the diseases, disorders, and pests that affect the world’s most predominant human food crop.
Plant bacterial diseases are a major factor in economic crop losses worldwide. The transportation and use of clean, pathogen-free seed and propagative material is the most vital step in controlling bacterial diseases, but this requires accurate, rapid, sensitive, and reliable pathogen detection. The all-new second edition of Detection of Plant-Pathogenic Bacteria in Seed and Other Planting Material is an essential, easy-to-use lab manual describing and illustrating the latest methods for detecting a wide range of bacteria responsible for many of the world’s most economically significant bacterial plant diseases in crops. Yet this book does more than describe and illustrate the use of real-time PCR, rapid PCR-based assays, and other methods for specific, sensitive detection of bacteria in seed and propagative material. Its 48 chapters offer background information on the given bacteria and the diseases they cause, describe symptoms, detail their epidemiology, identify strategies for disease management, and provide protocols for detection in thorough detail.
Aerial Dispersal of Pollen and Spores covers dozens of topics within the study of pollen and spore dispersal, such as the physical properties, forces, and processes affecting pollen and spores—in motion and at rest; pollen and spore survival; infection and fertilization efficiency; wind and wind transport models; cross fertilization; pollen mediated gene flow; precision agriculture practices applied to aerially dispersed pathogens; infectious periods and opportunity for disease spread; aerial sampling, and more.
The study of vector biology encompasses various disciplines and levels of pursuit, each one examined separately and then collaboratively with the others to holistically explain the range of vector activities, like host-finding, feeding, and dispersal. This comprehensive monograph explains in detail the complex range of factors and interactions related to the vector-mediated transmission of plant pathogens. Each chapter offers detailed examples of particular pathogen-vector interaction modes, tying together many years of research to advance the understanding of pathogen-vector biology and interactions at biochemical, cellular-tissue-organ, and functional genomics levels. The final section includes short treatises on a number of emerging pathogen-vector complexes which will require further research. They were written with the goal of inspiring students and researchers to continue to advance this important field of study. Vector-Mediated Transmission of Plant Pathogens spans the disciplines of plant pathology, virology, bacteriology, mycology, entomology, and ecology. It is an ideal textbook and reference for students, professors, and all those who study or specialize in vector biology in general—or in relation to any of these disciplines.
Raspberries and blackberries are a perennial favorite among consumers. Unfortunately, they are also a favorite host crop for pests. Protect your plants with the most up-to-date and comprehensive resource available: the Compendium of Raspberry and Blackberry Diseases and Pests, Second Edition. This completely revised edition helps users quickly identify and manage raspberry and blackberry diseases, insect pests, and abiotic orders with practical management information and more than 200 high-quality images for diagnosis. It is your best defense against pests and disorders that threaten the health and yields of these two popular bramble plants, from the roots and crown to their flowers, fruits, and leaves. This important new book reflects the latest practices for managing diseases in organic and high-tunnel production systems. Pest coverage is wide and applicable to many of the world’s growing regions for these crops. The second edition also covers new diseases and viruses that have been identified since the first edition and adds 50 pages as well as 50 additional symptom images.
The domestication of grapes dates back five thousand years ago and has spread to nearly all continents. In recent years, grape acreage has increased dramatically in new regions, including the United States of America, Chile, Asia (China and India), and Turkey. A major limiting factor to the sustained production of premium grapes and wines is infections by viruses. The advent of powerful molecular and metagenomics technologies, such as molecular cloning and next generation sequencing, allowed the discovery of new viruses from grapes. To date, grapevine is susceptible to 64 viruses that belong to highly diverse taxonomic groups. Recently, two new disease syndromes have been recognized: Syrah decline and red blotch. Losses due to fanleaf degeneration are estimated at $1 billion annually in France alone. Other diseases including leafroll, rugose wood, Syrah de cline and red blotch can result in total crop loss several years post-infection. This situation is further exacerbated by mixed infections with multiple viruses and other biotic as well as adverse abiotic environmental conditions, such as drought and winter damage, causing even greater destruction. The book builds upon the last handbook (written over twenty years ago) on the part of diagnostics and extensively expands its scope by inclusion of molecular biology aspects of select viruses that are widespread and economically most important. This includes most current information on the biology, transmission, genome replication, transcription, subcellular localization, as well as virus-host interactions. It also touches on several novel areas of scientific inquiry. It also contains suggested directions for future research in the field of grapevine virology.
This comprehensive new diagnostic and management guide is the largest, most comprehensive APS compendium published to date. Nearly triple the thickness of the previous edition, it collectively covers nearly 150 diseases, pests, and disorders of blueberry, cranberry, and lingonberry crops. It is ideal for large and small commercial growing operations, nurseries, as well as the advisors that serve them, including universities, extension offices, independent consultants, and diagnostic labs. The highly anticipated second edition of this book, published nearly two decades after the first edition, offers the most practical, up-to-date, and comprehensive information in existence for diagnosing and managing diseases and disorders of blueberries (highbush, lowbush, and rabbiteye), cranberries, and lingonberries. It includes nearly 400 images and management recommendations from top researchers across the world, enabling users to more confidently scout, identify, and manage problems in the field before they become economically significant.
This work is to compile our current knowledge on GY phytoplasma biology at the genomic, transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics level, as well as to summarize the approaches for their detection.Phytoplasma are the most poorly characterized plant pathogenic bacteria from the Mollicutes class. In recent years new biostatistics and bioinformatics approaches have improved our understanding of their biology and interactions with host grapevines and a great improvement has been made toward their molecular detection, both in laboratories and on-site. They have a broad range of plant hosts among the monocots and dicots, and diseases of many important crops are associated with these pathogens. At least ten taxonomically unrelated phytoplasmas, one of them a quarantine pest in Europe, have been associated with grapevine yellows diseases (GY), which have great economic impact on viticulture worldwide.