The study of vector biology encompasses various disciplines and levels of pursuit, each one examined separately and then collaboratively with the others to holistically explain the range of vector activities, like host-finding, feeding, and dispersal. This comprehensive monograph explains in detail the complex range of factors and interactions related to the vector-mediated transmission of plant pathogens. Each chapter offers detailed examples of particular pathogen-vector interaction modes, tying together many years of research to advance the understanding of pathogen-vector biology and interactions at biochemical, cellular-tissue-organ, and functional genomics levels. The final section includes short treatises on a number of emerging pathogen-vector complexes which will require further research. They were written with the goal of inspiring students and researchers to continue to advance this important field of study. Vector-Mediated Transmission of Plant Pathogens spans the disciplines of plant pathology, virology, bacteriology, mycology, entomology, and ecology. It is an ideal textbook and reference for students, professors, and all those who study or specialize in vector biology in general—or in relation to any of these disciplines.
Raspberries and blackberries are a perennial favorite among consumers. Unfortunately, they are also a favorite host crop for pests. Protect your plants with the most up-to-date and comprehensive resource available: the Compendium of Raspberry and Blackberry Diseases and Pests, Second Edition. This completely revised edition helps users quickly identify and manage raspberry and blackberry diseases, insect pests, and abiotic orders with practical management information and more than 200 high-quality images for diagnosis. It is your best defense against pests and disorders that threaten the health and yields of these two popular bramble plants, from the roots and crown to their flowers, fruits, and leaves. This important new book reflects the latest practices for managing diseases in organic and high-tunnel production systems. Pest coverage is wide and applicable to many of the world’s growing regions for these crops. The second edition also covers new diseases and viruses that have been identified since the first edition and adds 50 pages as well as 50 additional symptom images.
The domestication of grapes dates back five thousand years ago and has spread to nearly all continents. In recent years, grape acreage has increased dramatically in new regions, including the United States of America, Chile, Asia (China and India), and Turkey. A major limiting factor to the sustained production of premium grapes and wines is infections by viruses. The advent of powerful molecular and metagenomics technologies, such as molecular cloning and next generation sequencing, allowed the discovery of new viruses from grapes. To date, grapevine is susceptible to 64 viruses that belong to highly diverse taxonomic groups. Recently, two new disease syndromes have been recognized: Syrah decline and red blotch. Losses due to fanleaf degeneration are estimated at $1 billion annually in France alone. Other diseases including leafroll, rugose wood, Syrah de cline and red blotch can result in total crop loss several years post-infection. This situation is further exacerbated by mixed infections with multiple viruses and other biotic as well as adverse abiotic environmental conditions, such as drought and winter damage, causing even greater destruction. The book builds upon the last handbook (written over twenty years ago) on the part of diagnostics and extensively expands its scope by inclusion of molecular biology aspects of select viruses that are widespread and economically most important. This includes most current information on the biology, transmission, genome replication, transcription, subcellular localization, as well as virus-host interactions. It also touches on several novel areas of scientific inquiry. It also contains suggested directions for future research in the field of grapevine virology.
This comprehensive new diagnostic and management guide is the largest, most comprehensive APS compendium published to date. Nearly triple the thickness of the previous edition, it collectively covers nearly 150 diseases, pests, and disorders of blueberry, cranberry, and lingonberry crops. It is ideal for large and small commercial growing operations, nurseries, as well as the advisors that serve them, including universities, extension offices, independent consultants, and diagnostic labs. The highly anticipated second edition of this book, published nearly two decades after the first edition, offers the most practical, up-to-date, and comprehensive information in existence for diagnosing and managing diseases and disorders of blueberries (highbush, lowbush, and rabbiteye), cranberries, and lingonberries. It includes nearly 400 images and management recommendations from top researchers across the world, enabling users to more confidently scout, identify, and manage problems in the field before they become economically significant.
This work is to compile our current knowledge on GY phytoplasma biology at the genomic, transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics level, as well as to summarize the approaches for their detection.Phytoplasma are the most poorly characterized plant pathogenic bacteria from the Mollicutes class. In recent years new biostatistics and bioinformatics approaches have improved our understanding of their biology and interactions with host grapevines and a great improvement has been made toward their molecular detection, both in laboratories and on-site. They have a broad range of plant hosts among the monocots and dicots, and diseases of many important crops are associated with these pathogens. At least ten taxonomically unrelated phytoplasmas, one of them a quarantine pest in Europe, have been associated with grapevine yellows diseases (GY), which have great economic impact on viticulture worldwide.
The fungal genus Botrytis is the focus of intensive scientific research worldwide. The complex interactions between this pathogen and the plants it infects and the economic importance of the diseases caused by Botrytis (principally grey mould) on more than 1400 species of cultivated plants pre- and post-harvest, render this pathogen of particular interest to farmers, advisers, students and researchers in many fields worldwide. This 20-chapter book is a comprehensive treatise covering the rapidly developing science of Botrytis and reflecting the major developments in studies of this fungus. It will serve as a source of general information for specialists in agriculture and horticulture, and also for students and scientists interested in the biology of this fascinating, multifaceted phytopathogenic fungal species.
In recent years, consumer demands for more nutritious salad products have brought major changes in the types of lettuce produced and in the methods of their cultivation. These changes have also brought new challenges to disease and pest management in lettuce production. The new Compendium of Lettuce Diseases and Pests, Second Edition, addresses these changes and challenges by providing the most up-to-date and comprehensive resource available on lettuce diseases and pests, as well as their management. It offers solutions to help users identify and manage infectious diseases caused by fungi, bacteria, nematodes, viruses, as well as noninfectious disorders such as air pollution, allelopathy, bolting, mineral deficiencies, toxicities, pesticide related injury, rib blight, tipburn, and many others. This concise yet comprehensive book is ideal for large and small commercial growing operations, as well as the advisors that serve them, including plant pathologists, entomologists, breeders, seed company personnel, crop production specialists, growers, diagnosticians, students, regulatory personnel, crop consultants, educators, researchers, extension personnel, and others involved in the diagnosis and management of lettuce diseases, pests, and disorders.
The world’s interest in Phytophthora species has been growing in recent years—to the point where more research projects on this important pathogen are expected. This new compilation of working protocols for Phytophthora research was created to meet this demand and serve the growing need for a coherent collection of methods to study members of this genus. Phytophthora Protocols is a fully online and continually updated resource that includes step-by-step instructions and images to ensure the accuracy and consistency of your Phytophthora research techniques. Phytophthora Protocols can be used as a baseline for optimizing lab research, developing custom research techniques, and other research applications.